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The Boy Jesus Grows Up

August 13, 2023 Speaker: Greg Pickle Series: Luke

Scripture: Luke 2:51–52

Sermon Outline:

A. Jesus’ Obedience to His Parents (51)

B. Jesus’ Observation by His Mother (51)

C. Jesus’ Growth as a Human Being (52)

    1. Growth according to his true humanity

        a) The deity of Christ

        b) The humanity of Christ

            (1) The hypostatic union: two natures in one person

            (2) Heresies to avoid:

                (a) Ebionism: denied Christ’s deity

                (b) Docetism: denied Christ’s true humanity

                (c) Arianism: denied Christ’s complete deity

                (d) Apollinarianism: denied Christ’s human spirit

                (e) Nestorianism: claimed Jesus was two persons

                (f) Eutychianism: claimed a single “third” nature

            (3) Key points to understand Christ’s person:

                (a) He is really and truly God

                (b) He is really and truly man

                (c) He is one person

                (d) He possesses two natures

                (e) The two natures are united in the one person

            (4) Help from early church councils

                (a) Nicea (AD 325)

                (b) Constantinople (AD 381)

                (c) Ephesus (AD 431)

                (d) Chalcedon (AD 451)

The Chalcedonian Definition:
"Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man, consisting also of a reasonable soul and body; of one substance with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his manhood; like us in all respects, apart from sin; as regards his Godhead, begotten of the Father before the ages, but yet as regards his manhood begotten, for us men and for our salvation, of Mary the Virgin, the God-bearer; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation; the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union, but rather the characteristics of each nature being preserved and coming together to form one person and subsistence, not as parted or separated into two persons, but one and the same Son and Only-begotten God the Word, Lord Jesus Christ; even as the prophets from earliest times spoke of him, and our Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us, and the creed of the fathers has handed down to us."

            (5) Jesus’ true humanity

                (a) His deity does not hinder his humanity

                (b) His humanity allows the experiences unique to man

    2. Growth in his body and mind

    3. Growth in favor with God and men

More in Luke

September 24, 2023

The Genealogy of Jesus, the Son of God

September 10, 2023

The Baptism of Jesus

September 3, 2023

John's Place in Preparing for Jesus